History of Hanfu | An Introduction to The Styles of Chinese Hanfu 2020

Quju Robe

This style of Han clothing comes from the Qin Dynasty to the Han Dynasty, also known as the round Lapel robe, which is usually defined as the robe made of deep clothes. It is characterized by a right Lapel with a cross collar. The end of the lapel is usually triangular in shape and is fixed by a tie around the back.

So far, the unearthed objects are the Shan Rao Qu Ju robe from the Han Dynasty tomb of Mawangdui in Changsha, and its shape needs further study.

Qixiong Ruqun

Qixiong Ruqun is generally composed of a short upper Ruqu and a long chest skirt. It is also a variation of Ruqun, which is usually defined as a clothing system.Qixiong Ruqun is characterized by that the skirt is usually tied above the chest, and the chest strap can be tied in the center or the front and sides of the chest.

Qixiong Ruqun was mainly popular during the Sui Dynasty, Tang Dynasty, and Five Dynasties. Today’s common forms are generally made with reference to the styles of the middle and late Tang Dynasty. In addition, the collar type of Qixiong Ruqun can be divided into two types: Duijin straight collar, cross collar, and flat collar.

Duijin Ruqun

One of the contemporary Hanfu styles is a form of Qiyao Ruqun, which is composed of upper Ru and lower skirt. Duijin Ruqun can be worn with Pibo, which is a very home-made Hanfu style.


The first prototype of Aoqun appeared in the Wei, Jin, Southern, and Northern Dynasties, and by the Ming Dynasty, it became the most common clothing collocation of Han women.

Pipa sleeves and straight sleeves are the most common sleeves for the Aoqun, while the lower ones are usually matched with Mamianqun and ordinary pleated skirts.

Long Coat

The two sides of the long coat are usually slit. The most common collar types are yuan Ling and cross collar, both of which are right lapels.In the long coat, the upper body can be matched with the jacket with a cross collar and vertical collar; the lower body can be matched with Mamianqun.

Taoist Robe

One of the contemporary styles of Hanfu does not refer to the clothes worn by Taoists. Its prototype is the household clothes of men in the Ming Dynasty. Daopao is usually a lapel on the right side of the lapel, with slits on both sides.

The slit is connected with a concealed pendulum, which is convenient to tie. The neckline is usually decorated with a white collar, and the sleeve type is usually a wide Pipa sleeve.


The Cape was also known as Ming Dynasty Beizi, which was a kind of Hanfu, not a cloak. Straight collar, the biggest feature of the collar edge is usually only to the chest, with a tie or buckle closure. The length is over the knee, with slits on both sides, and wide sleeves. It can be matched with the jacket, skirt, and long jacket.


Beizi is the most common covering style in Hanfu. Usually, the collar edge runs through the bottom, and the length of the garment is both long and short, with slits on both sides.

In the Song Dynasty, Beizi was usually worn with a bra skirt. In the Ming Dynasty, Beizi is also known as the Cape, which is usually combined with the jacket with a cross collar and vertical collar.


Changyi, also known as crane Changyi or Big Changyi, is a kind of men’s coveralls in the Han Dynasty. Scholars in Ming Dynasty mostly used them as civilian coats. When it was cold, they also wore them to protect themselves from the wind and cold.

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