Chinese embroidery, also known as silk embroidery and needle embroidery, is one of China’s outstanding traditional national crafts. It is a process that uses embroidery needles to guide color thread, embroiders and transports needles on textiles according to the designed patterns, and forms patterns with embroidery traces.
Q: what are the top ten famous embroidery in China?
A: Suzhou embroidery, Xiang embroidery, Yue embroidery, Shu embroidery, Beijing embroidery, Lu embroidery, Bian Embroidery, Ou embroidery, Hangzhou embroidery, and Han Embroidery.
Suzhou embroidery is the general name of Suzhou embroidery products. It originated in Wuxian, Suzhou, and has spread to Wuxi, Changzhou and other places. Embroidery and sericulture, silk reeling inseparable, so embroidery, also known as silk embroidery. Suzhou embroidery has the unique style of beautiful pattern, ingenious conception, meticulous embroidery, lively needling and elegant color, with strong local characteristics.
Xiang embroidery is the general name of Hunan embroidery products with distinctive Hunan Chu cultural characteristics centered on Changsha, Hunan. It is a folk craft with Hunan Chu cultural characteristics created by the hardworking and intelligent working people of Han nationality in Hunan Province in the long development process of human civilization history.
Xiang embroidery is good at embroidering with silk thread. The pattern of embroidered suede has a sense of reality. It has a good reputation as “embroidery can produce fragrance, embroidered birds can listen, embroidered tigers can run, embroidered people can convey spirit”.
Yue embroidery is the general name of hand-made silk thread embroidery with Chaozhou and Guangzhou as the production centers. It includes Chaozhou embroidery and Guangxiu embroidery, and is one of the four famous embroidery in China. Guangxiu, one of the Cantonese embroidery, was originally created by the Li nationality, a minority nationality. In ancient times, most of the embroidery workers were men from Chaozhou and Guangzhou, which was rare in the world.
Yue embroidery has a wide variety of embroidery products, including quilt covers, pillow covers, bed lintels, shawls, headscarves, embroidered clothes, shoes and hats, opera clothes, etc., as well as mirror screens, hanging curtains and banners.
Shu embroidery, also known as “Sichuan embroidery”, is a traditional Chinese craft that uses silk thread to embroider patterns on silk or other fabrics. It mainly refers to the embroidery in the Western Sichuan plain with Chengdu as the center. Shu embroidery was first recorded in the Western Han Dynasty, and its craft was quite mature at that time. At the same time, it inherited the characteristics of bright colors and commonly used red and green colors.
Jing embroidery, also known as palace embroidery, is an ancient traditional Han embroidery technology, the general name of embroidery products centered on Beijing. Ming and Qing Dynasties began to flourish, mostly used in court decoration, clothing, exquisite materials, exquisite technology, elegant style. Beijing embroidery is the crystallization of the wisdom and artistic creativity of the ancient Han working people.
Lu embroidery, an ancient traditional embroidery technique of Han nationality, belongs to the embroidery products produced in Shandong Province. The style of Lu embroidery is quite unique. It mostly uses dark flower fabric as the bottom lining, and the color strong twist double ply clothing thread as the embroidery thread. It selects the characters, mandarin ducks, butterflies and hibiscus flowers that are popular among the Han people, and the lotus flower as the theme. The embroidery products include not only clothing supplies, but also ornamental calligraphy and painting works.
Bianxiu has a long history and is known as “national treasure”. It is famous for its exquisite embroidery, fine needling, rigorous patterns, elegant style and beautiful colors, and has been well-known throughout the country as early as the Song Dynasty.
Ou embroidery, also known as painted curtain, is a local traditional art in Wenzhou, Zhejiang Province, developed from Chinese traditional embroidery. Ou embroidery is one of China’s famous export embroidery. It is not only treasured by the state, but also presented as a national gift.
Ou embroidery is an embroidery technology gradually developed from the decoration of daily necessities. In the early stage, embroidery products included God’s robes, costumes, Shouping, etc., and later extended to the embroidery of landscapes, figures, animals, calligraphy, etc., with high ornamental value and decorative effect. Ou embroidery is one of the best embroidery techniques in China.
Hangzhou embroidery, one of the excellent traditional crafts of the Han nationality, reached its peak in the Southern Song Dynasty.
Han Embroidery, one of the traditional embroidery techniques of the Han nationality, is based on Chu embroidery and combines the advantages of various embroidery methods in the north and the south, and combines a new embroidery method with distinctive local characteristics.
Embroidery is one of the most representative traditional handicrafts of the Chinese nation. Through the innovation and development of each dynasty, it has its own characteristics and is loved by people all over the world.
(The picture is from the Internet and belongs to the original author.)